H. Franck and . Clarke, Optimization and nonsmooth analysis complete and unrevised reprinting of the original text first published in 1983 by john wiley and sons, as the initial volume in the canadian mathematical society series of monographs and advanced texts edition, Centre de Recherche Mathématiques (CRM), 1989.

T. Kram, The energy technology systems analysis programme: History, the ET- SAP Kyoto statement and post-Kyoto analysis, Experts Workshop on Climate Change and Economic Modelling: Background Analysis for the Kyoto Protocol. OCDE, 1998.

J. Lerner and J. Tirole, The Simple Economics of Open Source, SSRN Electronic Journal, 2000.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.224008

A. S. Manne and R. Richels, Buying greenhouse insurance, Energy Policy, vol.19, issue.6, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0301-4215(91)90034-L

R. Moen, Fear of forking. Linuxcare Featured Article published online, 1999.

M. , G. Morgan, and H. Dowlatabadi, Learning from integrated assessment of climate change, Climatic Change, vol.34, pp.337-368, 1996.

D. William and . Nordhaus, Managing the Global Commons, 1994.

J. R. Ravetz, Integrated environmental assessment forum: developing guidelines for good practice, Human Ecology Division, 1997.

S. Eric, . Raymond, and . La-cathédrale-et-le-bazar, Traduction de Sébastien Blondeel, Le Micro Bulletin, vol.75, pp.81-112, 1998.

J. Rotmans, Methods for IA: The challenges and opportunities ahead, Environmental Modeling and Assessment, vol.3, issue.3, pp.155-179, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1019019024003

H. Stephen and . Schneider, Integrated assessment modeling of global climate change: Transparent rational tool for policy making or opaque screen hiding value-laden assumptions? Environmental Modeling and Assessment, pp.229-249, 1997.

L. Ferenc, T. Toth, H. Bruckner, M. Füssel, G. Leimbach et al., The tolerable window approach to integrated assessments, IPCC Asia- Pacific Workshop on Integrated Assessment Models. NIES.CGER, pp.10-12, 1997.