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Présence du mammouth laineux (Mammuthus primigenius) au Magdalénien dans le Sud-Ouest de la France : données archéozoologiques et dates radiocarbone d'un tibia provenant de la grotte des Combarelles (Dordogne)

Abstract : Famous since the beginning of the XXth century for its engravings, the Combarelles cave has produced bone fragments over the last 40 years during sporadic fieldwork research in Archaeology and Speleology. Among provided samples held in the National Museum of Prehistory, a shaft of a large long bone was found and identified as an unfused tibia belonging to the woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach, 1798). Although precise information of this discovery is still unknown (location, topographical context), this bone is important because of some cutmarks visible on its posterior side and direct radiocarbon dating. Two dates (14310 ± 70 and 14620 ± 100 uncal BP respectively, i.e. ~ 17 500 cal BP or ~ 15 600 cal BC) were obtained and are the first AMS radiocarbon dates for this species in Southwestern France. A revision of this species in the paleontological, symbolic (rock art and portable art) and economic (ivory) records is presented and suggests that the woolly mammoth had survived until the beginning of the Late Magdalenian in Aquitaine and in adjacent regions.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02577472
Contributor : Philippe Fosse <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 22, 2021 - 10:42:31 AM
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Philippe Fosse, Monique Archambeau, Christian Archambeau, Catherine Cretin, Stéphane Madelaine, et al.. Présence du mammouth laineux (Mammuthus primigenius) au Magdalénien dans le Sud-Ouest de la France : données archéozoologiques et dates radiocarbone d'un tibia provenant de la grotte des Combarelles (Dordogne). PALEO Revue d'Archéologie Préhistorique, Société des amis du Musée national de préhistoire et de la recherche archéologique — SAMRA, 2018, pp.107-120. ⟨10.4000/paleo.3854⟩. ⟨hal-02577472⟩

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