When Accent Preservation Leads to Clash

Abstract : In English, some complex words can display exceptional accent preservation (EAP): they can preserve an accent from their base even when this would violate a general restriction against adjacent accents (e.g. retú rn → retu ̀ rné e). This paper analyses EAP both empirically and theoretically. The analysis of a set of 291 derivatives from Wells (2008) shows that this phenomenon can be partially attributed to the relative frequency of the base and its derivative and partially also to syllable structure, and that these two factors have a cumulative effect. It is also shown that the existence of a more deeply embedded base (e.g. collé ct → collé ctive → co ̀ llectí vity ~ colle ̀ ctí vity) can increase the likelihood for a derivative to display EAP. A formal account of the phenomenon is proposed building on Collie's (2007, 2008) " fake cyclicity " analysis, using weighted constraints (Pater 2009, 2016) and Max-Ent-OT (Goldwater & Johnson 2003). Finally, a model of lexical access building on Hay's (2001, 2003) model and integrating more deeply embedded bases is proposed.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 29, 2017 - 11:18:56 PM
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Quentin Dabouis. When Accent Preservation Leads to Clash. English Language and Linguistics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2019, 23 (2), pp.363-404. ⟨10.1017/S1360674317000417⟩. ⟨hal-01548943⟩



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