Reshaping The Human Rights Legacy In The Online Environment

Abstract : There is by now common agreement that human rights apply online as they do offline; yet in practice, the modalities of the online realm provide significant challenges to human rights protection, many of which remain largely unexplored. Moreover, in the course of the above-mentioned efforts, some so-called « new digital rights » have been advocated, such as the « right to internet » access and the « right to be forgotten ». This paper explores the background of such proposals and how they have unfolded over time and across various arenas and circumstances. It analyzes how different actors (states, intergovernmental organizations, civil society, technical community, internet companies) have been framing and advancing these proposals through either political contention or coalition of interests around key international events and momentum. In conclusion, the paper discusses the broader human rights implications of these developments. It argues that they reflect the strong impact of the specifics of the online environment on the very concept of fundamental rights, and they may constitute threats to the universality and indivisibility of all human rights and undermine the level of human rights protection online.
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Rikke Frank Joergensen, Meryem Marzouki. Reshaping The Human Rights Legacy In The Online Environment. L'Observateur des Nations Unies, Association française pour les Nations Unies, 2015, Droits de l'homme 2.0 : quelle protection à l'ère du numérique ?, 38, pp.17-33. ⟨http://afnuaix.free.fr/⟩. ⟨hal-01294731⟩

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