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Open Access to Biodiversity Scientific Data: A Comparative Study

Abstract : The field of biodiversity research gathers and crosses collections of environmental data, scientific data, geospatial data and cultural data. All of the available datasets have created a global information pool which can be used to develop further research and downstream bioeconomy innovations. Intellectual Property governance rules vary between proprietary assets and research commons. The largest datasets are collected, curated, mined, and shared at the national and international level by natural history museums and research institutions which are members of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), an international organization that aims to make available all known information on biodiversity, provide digitization, facilitate interoperability and retrieval of this data. This paper intends to explore the various legal regimes that apply to biodiversity data. Depending on the data format and the contribution structure, they can be considered as works, public sector information, data, databases, metadata, all submitted to different national and international legal regimes. Besides, contributors apply more or less restrictive terms of use between all rights reserved and open access options. In order to study the impact of governance choices and practices, the authors have conducted interviews with key stakeholders in several GBIF partner institutions in Europe and Latin America in order to better understand the policy challenges faced by biodiversity researchers who intend to share their information, such as biopiracy, commercial exploitation and scientific attribution for data reuse. One section of the paper will be dedicated to the study of the legal environment, while the other will focus on contractual practices.
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Contributor : Melanie Dulong de Rosnay Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 12, 2013 - 6:37:33 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 10:57:17 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 4, 2017 - 9:37:53 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-00833480, version 1



Melanie Dulong de Rosnay, Andrés Guadamuz. Open Access to Biodiversity Scientific Data: A Comparative Study. 17th International Consortium on Applied Bioeconomy Research ICABR Conference on Innovation and the Policy for the Bioeconomy, Jun 2013, Ravello, Italy. pp.20. ⟨hal-00833480⟩



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