Jean-Marie Merle 1, *
* Corresponding author
Abstract : This paper examines the focusing subjunct JUST, and the workings of focalisation. JUST operates at the junction of the syntagmatic axis and the paradigmatic axis: the selection of one element from within a paradigm implies a contrast to any other element within the same paradigm, at some point in the syntactic structure. Focalisation is described here as a mental and enunciative operation; the paradigm is conceived of as a notional domain structured with an organizing centre. One element - grammatical or lexical - is focalised after either the whole paradigm or at least another element within the paradigm has been considered - through contextual pre-construction or presupposition - and discarded. Alterity is consequently relevant in all cases: an operation of focalisation is made possible if, within the paradigm they belong in, there is at least one differential property contrasting the two (or more) relevant notions (sketching vs drawing), or a quantitative difference between two degrees (not enough / enough).
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Jean-Marie Merle. Just. C. Delmas, A. Lancri. Langage, Langues et Linguistique, Université Paris 3, pp.157-173, 1995. ⟨hal-00250285⟩



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