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La diffusion en berbère : Reconcilier les modèles

Abstract : Much of the Berber family approximates to a dialect continuum, and the relationship between its members is close enough that it has often been considered as a single language. This has tended to distract from the concomitant existence of tree-like splits within Berber, first noted a century ago but clarified more recently. As a result, the study of intra-Berber diffusion has been largely neglected, even though the existence of dialect continua implies diffusion. This article lays out the principal models proposed for the sub-classification of Berber, a field which has advanced significantly in recent decades, along with their historical implications. It then presents two very different case studies-the Blida Atlas (Algeria), and Zenaga (Mauritania)-demonstrating that intra-Berber contact can sometimes be detected, even in quite basic vocabulary, and that the results fit well with the history implied by extra-linguistic data. Avenues for further research are suggested.
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Lameen Souag. La diffusion en berbère : Reconcilier les modèles. Diffusion: Implantation, Affinités, Convergence, 24, Peeters, pp.83-107, 2017, Mémoires de la Société Linguistique de Paris (nouvelle série), 9789042935235. ⟨halshs-02961168⟩

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