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Etudes des interactions culturelles en aire Illyro-épirote du VII au III siècle av. J.-C.

Abstract : This work is an essay for a monograph about the Illyrians studied through their contacts with the Greek world. The objective is therefore to take back the history of the Illyrian populations using the new approach of the frontier history, which implies to reinterpret all the available documentation without any Hellenocentrism nor ideological a priori. Research in Albania has developed considerably over the past 20 years, thanks in particular to the opening of the country to foreign missions, and sufficient data are now available, but these data must be interpreted in the context of a study of cultural interactions. Precise contextualization, bothhistorical and archaeological, of the acculturation vectors represents therefore the essential stake of this work.Thus, in a first part, it is first of all a question of fixing the elements of the decor that allow contextualizing these phenomena in space and time: geographical framework, localization of the populations, historical evolution. In a second stage, the places, the vectors, the opportunities of contacts and the nature of exchanges are studied, in other words the factors of acculturation: where, when, how, why do the two cultures meet? From there, the last part studies the transformations observed in all sectors of socio-cultural life: linguistics and onomastics, material productions, funerary rites and mythology, urban planning and architecture, and finally institutions.There are two strong moments that put the Greek and indigenous populations in contact, that of the colonial settlements which lead rather to a so-called vertical Hellenization, touching only the elites, then that of the unification of these regions in the kingdom of Pyrrhus with a so-called horizontal Hellenization, very closely linked to the phenomenon of urbanization and the development of the middle classes of merchants and craftsmen. The crossroads position of these regions which, thanks to the river valleys, have both an Adriatic facade and an outlet to Macedonia and the Aegean Sea, which the route of Via Candavia or Egnatia well materialize, explains the constant diffusion of Greek products and the mobility of people which leads to the slow development of what can be called an illyro-epirotic koinè.
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Lavdosh Jaupaj. Etudes des interactions culturelles en aire Illyro-épirote du VII au III siècle av. J.-C.. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Lyon; Instituti i Arkeologjisë (Albanie), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2082⟩. ⟨tel-02493973⟩

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