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Urbanistica e Topografia Urbana nelle Province Romane di Epiro e Macedonia : il caso degli edifici teatrali : teatri e Città in Epiro e Grecia Settentrionale

Abstract : The theatre has been for both Greek and Romans an essential element of a city and, at the same time, of being a citizen.As many researches are demonstrating these days, studying the theatres and their architectural and morphological features, as well as analysing their position and functions, can provide important data and clues about how communities saw themselves, which cultural network they were part of or shared characteristics with, to which extent they influenced or were influenced by other cultures.Therefore, given their ideological role, theatrical buildings seemed a valid hermeneutical instrument to understand the architectural culture of this territory as well as the political and social evolution of the communities which inhabited it. Thus, it seemed appropriate to adopt this approach to a region whose urbanistic and political evolution is still under constant debate, such as Epirus and Southern Illyria.The main aim of the research has been a re-interpretation of the data already published about the theatres chosen as a Corpus in the light of the most recent studies on the territory but also of important research themes that animate the scientific debate of the last decades. It is indeed possible to read those data in a new perspective taking into account historical, cultural, architectural and urbanistic contexts both from a diachronic and a geographic point of view. This approach has, in the end, made possible to review, clarify, update and interpret the available data about each theatre and to frame it into a wider, Mediterranean, context.In order to achieve this aim a complex database has been conceived that could include all the data mentioned above given some homogenous and common criteria. It is worth noticing, however, that the database has not been conceived only to manage a huge amount of data but also, to actually serve as a normative instrument for a better understandable and more homogeneous systematisation both of the data themselves and their relations with sources and modern studies.The review of the published information about theatrical buildings in Epirus and Southern Illyria, in the light of the above-mentioned systematisation, has consequently proved itself useful in order to propose a new perspective on the settlement dynamics, the monumentalisation and the cultural development of those regions.Eventually, it has been possible to conclude that the city and the theatre can’t be separated, either in Epirus or in Southern Illyria, from the development of a Hellenistic realm that, at least at the beginning, has marked significantly the image of the territory. The constitution itself of the Aeacid monarchy, almost “contractual” regarding the different koina that kept a significant amount of administrative autonomy throughout the entire Hellenism, must have envisaged a regular presence of the king in each of the most important cities of the region. The monumentalisation, that we could call “processional”, of a great number of urban centres, such as Byllis, Kassope or Phoinike, can be legitimately linked to the rise of Pyrrhus and the establishment of the so-called Great Epirus. Its therefore possible to identify, in this historical moment, the construction of a political conscience that we could define as entirely Mediterranean and that is largely expressed in the cultural, urban and architectural features we can observe in both Epirus and Southern Illyria.Even if the establishment of the polis as an administrative model has met some resistence in the region, the heritage of the pyrrhic era can be recognised in that cultural and political conscience expressed through the proper and traditional Hellenistic patterns which form a peculiar language that will eventually been adopted by Rome while imposing its power into the Mediterranean context.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 12, 2020 - 11:24:37 AM
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Ludovica Xavier de Silva. Urbanistica e Topografia Urbana nelle Province Romane di Epiro e Macedonia : il caso degli edifici teatrali : teatri e Città in Epiro e Grecia Settentrionale. Archaeology and Prehistory. Université de Lyon; Università degli studi La Sapienza (Rome), 2019. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2068⟩. ⟨tel-02475711⟩

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