Des Semences en partage : construction sociale et identitaire d'un collectif "paysan" autour de pratiques semencières alternatives.

Abstract : Sharing seeds. The moral economy of a French farmers' collective involved in on-farm conservation and breeding. This article focuses on a network of farmers in France, who aim to re-establish on-farm seed production and plant breeding from heirloom vareties. Our study aims to analyse the elements which concretely bind the community of practice formed around what they literally call 'peasant seeds' (semences paysannes). The following points are addressed in turn: individual motives (technical, political, ethical or spiritual) which push farmers into rejecting the purchase at the cooperative of certified modern variety seeds; the characteristics of the seed exchange network; and finally, the forms of sociability that emerge from seed sharing within this network. The sharing of breeding practices as well as the exchange of 'peasant seeds' forms an operative act, through which producers share the sentiment of belonging to a 'peasant' community (communauté paysanne), built by breaking with modern industrial farming.
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Elise Demeulenaere, Christophe Bonneuil. Des Semences en partage : construction sociale et identitaire d'un collectif "paysan" autour de pratiques semencières alternatives.. Techniques et culture, Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l'homme 2011, 57 (2011/2), pp.202-221. ⟨hal-00704163⟩

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