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Ségrégation sociale à l'Université : des disparités académiques sur la période 2006-2016

Abstract : This article is the first quantitative and exhaustive analysis of social segregation in French universities. Over the period 2006-2016, we calculate the Normalized Exposure index of very advantaged and disavantaged students for each French "académies" and levels of education (one-year degree, two-year degree, Bachelor and Master). At the national level, values of Normalized Exposure index reveal the existence of social segregation in French universities, although at lower levels than those highlighted by other articles on secondary education. The geographical analysis of segregation shows that the levels of segregation are not systematically higher in the Île-de-France's "académies" or in those linked to a large agglomeration (Lyon, Aix-Marseille, Lille) as it is the case for secondary school: the overall level of segregation depends little on the size of the "académie". However, the level of social segregation proper to advantaged students is positively related to the share of students that come from other "académies". Eventually, we study the levels of segregation by education level: there is a decrease in segregation between the one-year and two-year tertiary degrees, a well as between Bachelor and Master degrees at the national level. However, this averall trend does not seem to be carried by all "académies", but only by a limited number. In addition, there is an important variability of segregation across education levels as far as one "académie" can be characterized by low level of segregation for certain education levels and important ones for others.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03167787
Contributor : Lucie Label <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 1:53:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 3:24:07 AM

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Pierre Courtioux, Tristan-Pierre Maury, Johan Seux. Ségrégation sociale à l'Université : des disparités académiques sur la période 2006-2016. 2021. ⟨halshs-03167787⟩

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