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Retour sur les tournants agraires au XXe siècle en Europe centrale

Abstract : Review of the agrarian turning-points in Central Europe during the 20th century In less than half a century, agriculture in Central Europe experienced three major watersheds - land reform, collectivisation, and decollectivisation - which gave rise to transformations in agrarian structures. This article intends to examine the most recent episode, the decollectivisation of the 2010s, in order to show that this most recent change cannot be interpreted independently of the previous agrarian turning-points. We will put forward the idea that the direction taken by post-collectivist history should be seen in a longer historical context and is the result of choices made in the past of ways to get out of the previous collectivist system. This interpretation is based on an analysis of the mechanisms of institutional change and the principles they refer to, and of the practical details of their implementation. This analysis is based on the direction taken by the transformation of the social forms of production (carried out by examining monograph studies) and thus enables us to clarify the complexities of the processes under observation. It is organised in three parts: 1- the agrarian turning-points seen as times of reversal of social relationships; 2- decollectivisation understood as the process of dismantling a system involving the conjunction of a double series of agrarian legacies; 3- the post-collectivist social forms as the product of lines of socio-historical development
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Marie-Claude Maurel. Retour sur les tournants agraires au XXe siècle en Europe centrale. Paul Gradvohl. L'Europe médiane au XXe siècle : fractures, décompositions - recompositions - surcompositions, Centre français de recherche en science sociales (CEFRESJ), pp.67-85, 2011, Centre français de recherche en sciences sociales - CEFRES. ⟨halshs-00591842⟩

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