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Réflexion sur la mise en région(s) de l'histoire de l'Europe centrale et médiane

Abstract : Coping with the way historians set up historical regions - as far as East-Central Europe is concerned- has a meaning only if one takes for granted that neither the State, in se, nor any historical region can be used as a "natural" agency in a historical investigation. And this statement has to be extended to all social sciences. The specific perspective of this paper is that of security, with all its most traditional two sided profile: external versus internal. Of courses security does not seem the best way to define East-Central Europe, but if one proceeds on a negative basis, stressing the lack of major autonomous security resources (mostly if the time span is 1918-1989). The utmost role of the state in security affairs could therefore mean it is impossible to conceive a transnational region but in geopolitical terms. But our enquiry, based on varied sources including secret service, government and political archives, shows it is nonetheless possible to look beyond the conflicts opposing national elites in East-Central Europe and to build a region on the ground of significant similarities amidst perceptions of security. This leads to a reassessment of East-Central European borders with other mid-European states and regions and to new ways of mapping this historical region and probably others (this dimension belonging still to the realm of future endeavors).
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Paul Gradvohl. Réflexion sur la mise en région(s) de l'histoire de l'Europe centrale et médiane. Paul Gradvohl. L'Europe médiane au XXe siècle. Fractures, décompositions - recompositions - surcompositions, Centre français de recherche en science sociales (CEFRES), pp.239-268, 2011, Centre français de recherche en sciences sociales - CEFRES. ⟨halshs-00591813⟩

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